People usually confuse hemorrhoids symptoms with many other similar anorectal problems that may be caused by fissure, fistulae, pruritus ani or abscesses. These conditions are formed in the rectal region due to various reasons and are not directly related to hemorrhoids. The confusion mostly arises from lack of medical knowledge of most people about the human anatomy. Hearsay also often plays a negative role and prevents the sufferer from going the right path.
Hemorrhoids are caused by increased hydrostatic pressure in the hemorrhoidal venous plexus that is around the anal canal. It is related to straining at stool, pregnancy, portal hypertension and other such conditions, and not due to any external or internal injury to the affected part.
Hemorrhoids interestingly, can even be found in people who are otherwise healthy individuals. The symptoms of hemorrhoids are actually caused by certain vascular cushions, and when it happens, most people and medical practitioners refer to them as hemorrhoids. The symptoms of hemorrhoids become most noticeable when they grow to become thrombosed, inflamed, prolapsed and enlarged.
Hemorrhoids can be vastly classified as Internal Hemorrhoids and External Hemorrhoids. The first symptom of internal hemorrhoids is the appearance of occult blood (fresh and bright red blood) during bowel movement that may tinge the toilet bowl. Traces of it may even be present in the toilet tissue. The blood may come with itching, irritation and low dormant pain in the anal region that is similar to discomforts that are caused by other disorders. However internal hemorrhoids in some cases can even come without pain and when this happens, it may be difficult to identify the symptoms.
Symptoms of small external hemorrhoids are harder to determine as well. There can be just the occasional blood smear on the toilet tissue. However when the person has larger external hemorrhoids, it becomes easier as it is accompanied by a dull pain, itchiness and irritation in the anal region. And when someone experiences such symptoms, hemorrhoids can be a prime suspect.
What actually happens at that stage is something like this:
A blood clot forms in the external hemorrhoids, creating a thrombosed hemorrhoid.
The skin around the anus gets inflamed and becomes painful.
The clot begins to bleed slowly, leaving traces on the underwear.
These are the basic hemorrhoids symptoms.
Yes that’s true. And sometimes the symptoms of hemorrhoids may be completely absent as well. When symptoms do not surface and yet the rectal bleeding persists, it may become necessary to go for a detailed medical examination of the anal canal. This examination is carried out through Anoscopy, Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy and it determines the exact nature and cause of the bleeding that could be due to a polyp, colorectal cancer and also internal hemorrhoids.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids are the first sign that something is maybe wrong. Though many tend to neglect them, but it is important not to do so. It is a medical condition that needs to be addressed as quickly as possible.